Lacquer is considered to be unique from Vietnamese painting. Around 1443 was used by Tran Lu, an ancestor of lacquerware. The material is resinous paint mixed with powder and polished to create a special lacquer.
What is a grinder?
The term lacquer is derived from the paintings and lacquer products are painted and grinded repeatedly to achieve the unique color effect as desired, then covered with plastic and polished. Lacquer using traditional materials such as lacquer paint, lacquered paint, lacquer, gold lacquer, silver lacquer, shells … until 1930, lacquer painters were searching and developing more materials. New materials such as egg shell, coconut shell, wood, bamboo … the material is painted on dark or black background. Then polish the coating so that the product is shiny and luxurious.
Palace with gilded lacquer
The unique characteristics of the lacquer is that the story seems to be that the lacquer should be dry to the dark and high humidity to see the painting we have to grind to see.
Painters in the Vietnamese painting industry, even with the most experienced artisans, agreed that the technique of lacquer painting is very difficult, the color when completed is quite random, so the effect is very unexpected. .
History of lacquer Vietnam
Through books and oral materials, Le Minh Tong (in 1443) had a Battle of the Signs, the first of which was Tran Thuong Cong, who created lacquerware and was the founder of this trade. His students set up large and lacquered waxing laboratories across the country. The skilled workers were feudal court to collect the king to work. The other groups gather in small groups, headed by the master to go to the house, to paint the gilded statues, churches, canals … or to the rich families receive the hen, , worship … from which the industry is growing.
Material used in lacquer
For traditional and modern lacquer, use a lot of materials to finish a work including paint, color and other materials. Specifically, the following common components:
Paint: from resin paint (formerly of Phu Tho province) less popular with resin, oil, oil …
Color: Past colored pigments are mainly black and red in the paint of cockroach, which is mainly composed of very stable inorganic colors under the sunlight.
Decoration material: gold (gold), silver (silver), shell, eggshell
Today traditional lacquer is partly replaced by modern paint that has the advantage of being easy to produce and varied in color.
Process of lacquer technology
The lacquer process has a common procedure, but depending on the artisans that make: lacquer, lacquer, lacquer, lacquer … there are differences in art. But overall, the steps include: bending (shaping), decorating, grinding and polishing.
Bunch of sticks
This is the process of consolidating the objects needed to paint, the ancient people often use paper made of wind wood, so it is very durable. Beginning the bundling of the landlords (artisans use powdered stone) mixed with the paint is perfectly combined with paper to bundle, cover and cover the surface crack product. . Each coat layer is covered with a layer of paper, not only have to chisel the perimeter of the plate to avoid the layer that tear. Only be painted on the front and after all the wood panels have exhausted. This stage increases the durability of the product to withstand external conditions such as termites, warping, waterproof … the more carefully processed the life of high-quality lacquer products can be up to 500 years. .
This is the process of creating the soul of the product when the basic shape of the bundle of the above. With the hands of talented artists will receive the engraving, drawing patterns and paste into decorative materials such as gold, silver, shells … then coating the paint then sharpen the ball and then paint on the top . In some cases, it is necessary to cover the closed screen when processing to avoid the effect of wind on the material: yellow, silver, dust clinging to the paint.
Grinding and polishing products
Paints (oil) mixed with grinding when painted each time is a sharp grinding that makes the surface of the picture very beautiful. The person using banana leaves for grinding and the method of manual polish now does not change because this type is not allowed to cover the ball. To get beautiful products unique, the last step is very important.